Female Anatomy for Conception

Did you know that females are born with all the oocytes (eggs) that they will ever have in a lifetime?

That's just one fact that is important to consider when one is planning conception.

In trying to conceive, there are a lot of little things that can go wrong. The more familiar you are with all of the anatomy involved, the more likely you will know if any problems develop.

Take our brief refresher course in female anatomy...

Know Your Organs

From the outside in:

Introitus
the opening to the vagina;
Vagina
a virtual tunnel of smooth, soft muscle, connecting the uterus to the outside of the body; remains collapsed and flat until something is inserted.
Cervix
also called the "neck of the uterus", this is where your vagina opens into your uterus; very strong, ring-like muscles with glands that secrete cervical mucus.
Uterus
also called "womb", the only biological function of this organ is pregnancy; shaped like an upside-down pear (approx. size of a fist) and located very low in your pelvis behind the urinary bladder; includes muscles strong enough to "push" a baby through the vagina during labor and delivery; interior walls are lined with endometrium cells where fertilized eggs should implant (if pregnancy does not occur, endometrium lining sheds and is referred to as menstruation).
Fallopian Tubes
two very narrow tubes (approx. size of spaghetti) extend from either side of uterus' top and drape around the ovaries; open to abdominal cavity with finger-like extensions called fimbria, which coax eggs inside where the egg is possibly fertilized, nourished, and propelled by cilia (tiny hairs) through the tube to uterus.
Ovaries
located just outside the Fallopian tubes' fimbria (approx. size of almonds); secretes important hormones and releases ovum, or eggs.
Pituitary Gland
located at the base of our brains, this important gland affects reproduction by releasing FSH and LH; connected to and under the influence of the hypothalamus.
Hypothalamus
also at the base of the brain, this organ gets the hormone dance going by producing gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH); also generates dopamine, endorphins, serotonin, etc. (not specific to reproduction); also works to regulate body temp, including the rise and fall of your BBT.
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